MIBVUNZO

evFAQ
Ndekupi kwandingachaja mota yangu?

Pamba mune yega garaji / driveway, kana kunzvimbo yakasarudzika yekupaka / yakagovaniswa yekupaka nzvimbo (yakajairwa mafurati).

Kubasa panzvimbo yekupaka hofisi yako, ingave yakachengetedzwa kana (semi) yeruzhinji.

Mune ruzhinji mumigwagwa, munzira huru, uye pane chero nzvimbo yeruzhinji yekupaka iwe yaunogona kufunga - semuenzaniso, nzvimbo dzekutengesera, maresitorendi, mahotera, zvipatara nezvimwe.Kunyangwe iwe uchikwanisa kuwana zviteshi zvese zvechaji zveveruzhinji zvinoenderana nekuti yako kadhi yekuchaja haibvumirane. Kana "kusabatana" kukaitwa, une simba rekuchaja kune vakasiyana siyana vanachaja vechiteshi.

Zvinotora nguva yakareba sei kubhadharisa mota yangu?

Nguva dzekuchaja dzinosiyana zvichienderana ne: yako yero bateri reti, yako bhatiri kugona, yako chiteshi kuchaja kugona uye masetingi, pamwe nekwanisi kwenzvimbo yako yekuchaja sosi sosi sosi (semuenzaniso kana iri kumba kana chivakwa chehofisi).

Plug-in mahybridi anoda maawa 1-4 kuti akwanise kubhadhariswa zvizere, nepo mota dzizere-dzemagetsi dzinoda maawa mana kusvika masere (kubva pa0 kusvika pa100%). Pakati nepakati, mota dzinomiswa pamba kusvika maawa gumi nemana pazuva, uye kubasa kwemaawa masere pazuva. Ine chiteshi chekuchaja chauinacho, nguva yese iyi inogona kushandiswa kukwidza mota yako kusvika ku100%.

Nguva dzose magetsi: Unyeverwe kana uchichaja EV yako kubva kune yemagetsi magetsi. Kubhadharisa pamba kunoda chaiyo tambo yekuchaja iyo inodzivirira kudzima kwemagetsi uye kupisa zvakanyanya. Uye zvakare, iwe zvakare unofanirwa kuve nechokwadi chekuti chiteshi chiri padyo nemotokari yako, sezvo iwe ungatomboshandisa tambo yekuwedzeredza kubhadharisa mota yako. Asi kunyangwe neidzi chengetedzo dzakatorwa, kubhadharisa kubva kubhenefiti yakajairwa zvakanyanya, sezvo zvivakwa zvekugara zvakawanda zvisina wired kutakura magetsi emagetsi. Nguva dzekuchaja dzinoenderana nenyika iwe yauri. Kune EV ine huwandu hwe160 km, unogona kutarisira nguva yekuchaja ingangoita 6-8 maawa muEurope.

EV kuchaja chiteshi: Iyi ndiyo nzira yakakurudzirwa kwazvo yekuchaja mota, sezvo ichiita yakachengeteka uye inoshanda mashandisiro emota yako uye magetsi magetsi (semuenzaniso imba kana hofisi chivakwa) chinzvimbo. Nekamuri rekuchaja rauinaro, pese paunorova mugwagwa une chokwadi chekuve nemotokari yakakwana ine huwandu hwakawanda. Chiteshi chekuchaja chinogona kubhadharisa kanokwana kasere nekukurumidza kupfuura chinobuda nguva dzose. Izvi zvinoreva kuti chero EV ichabhadhariswa 100% mumaawa 1-4 chete. Tsvaga muongororwo wenguva yekuchaja yeakajairika masimba ebhatiri pano.

Chiteshi chekuchaja nekukurumidza: Zviteshi zvekuchaja nekukurumidza zvinobuda kazhinji kunze kwemaguta uye munzira huru. Kunyangwe ichikurumidza (inobhadharisa mumaminetsi makumi maviri nemakumi matatu), avhareji yekuchaja nekukurumidza inounza iyo EV kusvika chete ku80% panguva imwechete yekuchaja. Nekuda kwemidziyo inodhura uye Hardware ezviteshi zvekuchaja nekukurumidza, aya majaja anowanzo kutengwa uye kuvakwa pakukumbira nehurumende dzemuno.

Nderupi rwechaji yekuchaja yandinofanira kuisa?

Kune akatiwandei emachiteshi ekuchaja - anosanganisira Chikamu 1, Chikamu 2 uye DC Kurumidza Kuteedzera - saka iyo yaunosarudza inoenderana nezvinhu zvinoverengeka. Izvi zvinosanganisira anotarisirwa makasitoma ekushandisa kesi, mutengo uye saiti dhizaini kufunga.

Ndeapi saiti dhizaini zvinhu zvinokanganisa kuisa mutengo?

Yekuchaja chiteshi yekumisikidza mitengo inogona kupfuura mutengo weiyo hardware pachayo uye inokurudzirwa nenhamba yezvigadzirwa zvinhu zvinofanirwa kutariswa senge:

  • Parizvino iripo sevhisi yemagetsi. Zvese nyowani zviteshi zvechaji zviteshi zvinofanirwa kuve neyakaongororwa ongororo inoitwa pane iyo fosi yemagetsi yekuda kuona kana paine mukana wekuwedzera eEchaji zviteshi. AC Level 2 zviteshi zvinoda yakatsaurirwa 240-volt (40 amp) dunhu uye kusimudzira sevhisi yemagetsi inogona kudikanwa.
  • Kure pakati penzvimbo yemagetsi uye chiteshi chekuchaja. Iyo yakareba kureba pakati penzvimbo yemagetsi neEV kuchaja chiteshi zvinoreva yakakwira yekumisikidza mitengo nekuti inowedzera huwandu hwekukosha kunodiridzira (uye kugadzirisa), rukoronga, uye waya. Izvo zvinodikanwa kudzikisa chinhambwe pakati penzvimbo yemagetsi neEV chiteshi chechaji zvakanyanya sezvinobvira uku uchitarisawo nzvimbo yechaji chiteshi pane iyo chivakwa.
  • Nzvimbo yekuchaja chiteshi pane iyo chivakwa. Funga nezve zvinoitika zvekuisa chiteshi chekuchaja pane imwe nzvimbo pane chivakwa. Semuenzaniso, kuisa nzvimbo dzekuchaja chiteshi kumashure kweichi chivakwa kunogona kuvhiringidza mashandisiro avo, asi vamwe vatengi vanogona kugumbuka kana chiteshi chekuchaja chikaiswa munzvimbo dzekupaka dzepamusoro dzinowanzo gara dzisina vanhu nekuti kune vashoma vatyairi veEV.

Zvimwe zvekufunga zvine pesana pashoma pakuisa mari asi zvinogona kukanganisa mashandiro anoita chiteshi pakubatsira vatyairi veEV nevamwe vatengi. Zvimwe zveizvi zvinosanganisira nzira iyo tambo yekuchaja inotora painenge ichishandiswa uye kupaka manejimendi maitiro.

Ndinogona kubhadharisa vanhu nekuda kwekushandisa chiteshi changu chekuchaja?

Ehe, iwe unobvumidzwa kubhadharisa vanhu nekuda kwekushandisa chiteshi chako kunyangwe vazhinji varidzi vechiteshi vachisarudza kupa zvemahara kuchaja sekukwezva kana kubatsirwa. Muenzaniso weiyi mushandirwi anopa kubhadharisa pachena kune vashandi vavo nevatengi. Kana iwe ukasarudza kubhadharisa kuti ushandise pane zvinoverengeka zvezvinhu zvekutarisa mukuona izvo zvinonyanya kukunakira.

Kubhadharisa kushandiswa kunoenderana nenzvimbo. Sarudzo yako inoenderana nechikamu panzvimbo yairi kushanda. Mune dzimwe nzvimbo dzeNew York State, kunyanya mumaguta mahombe, mamwe magaraji anobhadharisa kupaka anogona kuwana vatengi vanoda kubhadhara mari yeEV kubhadharisa nguva nenguva nekuti havana mukana wekuchaja pavanogara.

Kubhadharisa kushandiswa kunoenderana nechinangwa chekuisa saiti. Pundutso inogadzirwa nechiteshi hausi iwo wega mukana wekuunza kudzoka kubva mukudyara kubva kuchiteshi chekuchaja. Zviteshi zvekuchaja zvinogona kukwezva vatyairi veEV vanozochengetedza bhizinesi rako, kuchengetedza vashandi vakakosha, kana kupa pfungwa yehutariri hwezvakatipoteredza izvo zvingabatsira kukwezva vagari veEV nevasiri veEV, vashandi, kana vatengi.

Kubhadharisa kwekushandisa kunoshanda. Varidzi vechiteshi vanogona kubhadharisa kuti vashandise paawa imwe chete, pachikamu chimwe chete, kana pauniti yemagetsi.

  • Paawa: Kana iwe uchichaja paawa, pane yakatarwa mutengo kune chero mota ingave iri kubhadharisa kana kwete, uye mota dzakasiyana dzinogashira magetsi pamitengo yakasiyana, saka mutengo wesimba unogona kusiyana zvakanyanya nekuchaja chikamu.
  • PaChikamu: Izvi zvinowanzo fanirwa zvakanyanya nenzvimbo yekuchaja yekuchaja kana zviteshi zvekuchaja izvo zvine zvipfupi, zvakajairwa zvikamu.
  • NeYuniti yeMagetsi (kazhinji kilowatt-awa [kWh]): Izvi zvinonyatso kubhadharira chaiko mutengo wemagetsi wemuridzi wechiteshi chekuchaja, asi hazvipe kurudziro kumotokari yakabhadhariswa zvizere kusiya nzvimbo

Vamwe varidzi vesaiti vakaedza kusanganisa kwemaitiro aya, sekubhadharisa mwero wakadzika kwemaawa maviri ekutanga, kozowedzera mwero wenguva yakareba zvikamu. Dzimwe nzvimbo dzinogona kusarudza kudzikisa mashandiro avo nekusajoina chiteshi chechaji uye nekuchaja mahara.

Nei kubhadharisa kubasa kuchikosha?

Sezvo vanhu vazhinji vachityaira kuenda kubasa uye vatyairi veEV vanofarira kuwedzera pamusoro pechaji yavo pese pazvinogoneka kupa kubhadharisa pabasa ibasa rakakura revashandi revashandirwi kupa. Muchokwadi, kuchaja kubasa kunogona zvakaringana zvakapetwa mushandi EV ese-emagetsi ezuva nezuva kuenda kunzvimbo. Kune vashandirwi, kubhadharisa pabasa kunogona kubatsira kukwezva nekuchengetedza vashandi vekucheka uye kuratidza hutungamiriri mukutora matekinoroji emagetsi akachena.

  • Bhurocha raNYSERDA rebasa rekuchaja [PDF] inopa kutarisisa kwezvakanakira kuisa masitepisi ekuchaja kumabasa uye nhungamiro pane hurongwa hwekuronga, kuisa, uye kugadzirisa EV kudhara zvivakwa.
  • Dhipatimendi reMagetsi Kubasa Kubhadharisa saiti inopa kutungamira kune vanobata vashandi kuti vatore mukana webhenefiti iyi, pamwe neruzivo rwakadzama pakuongorora, kuronga, kuisa, uye kugadzirisa kubhadharisa pabasa.
Ndeapi maDC emachaja ekukurumidza kuchaja?

DC yekuchaja nekukurumidza inoshandisa yakananga-yazvino (DC) simba rekuchinjisa uye 480-volt inoshandura yazvino (AC) yekuisa kuti ipe zvinokurumidza zvakanyanya recharges munzvimbo dzinoshandiswa zvakanyanya veruzhinji nzvimbo dzekuchaja. Zvichienderana neEV, DC zviteshi zvekuchaja nekukurumidza zvinogona kupa iyo 80% recharge mune mashoma semaminetsi makumi maviri. Kutengesa kumhanya kunoenderana nemabhatiri emota kukura uye kuchaja Hardware, asi maEVs mazhinji anogona ikozvino kuchaja inopfuura 100 kW (anopfuura zana mamaira ehure mumaminitsi makumi maviri). DC yekuchaja nekukurumidza inonyanya kuita sarudzo ye ese-emagetsi motokari. Mashoma plug-in yemasanganiswa EVs inogona kushandisa DC inokurumidza majaja. Kune matatu makuru makuru ekubatanidza kweDC inokurumidza majaja; EVs dzinogona kushandisa DC inokurumidza charger inongowirirana neimwe yeanotevera:

  • SAE Yakabatanidzwa Yekuchaja Sisitimu (CCS) chiyero chinogamuchirwa chinoshandiswa nevakawanda chinoshandiswa nevazhinji vagadziri
  • CHAdeMO yakajairika yekuchaja mwero inonyanya kushandiswa neNissan neMistubishi
  • Tesla's Supercharger Network inoenderana nekambani yekuchaja tekinoroji iyo inogona kungoshandiswa chete nemota dzaTesla

Makambani mazhinji eruzhinji neakazvimirira ari kuvaka zviteshi zvekuchaja muNew York State nekupfuura, kusanganisira New York Power Authority, Electrify America, EVgo, ChargePoint, Greenlots, nezvimwe.